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Azerbaijan Academy of Sciences: Nizami Ganjavi had Kurdish origin

January 16, 2014

Baku, Fineko/ The Presidium of the National Academy of Sciences of Azerbaijan (AMEA) reviewed yesterday the results of a broad study of the works of Nizami of Ganja, aimed at confirming the fact that great poet and thinker Nizami Ganjavi is not Persian poet.

The AMEA Presidium informs that Academy’s president Akif Alizadeh underlined that such important events as the solemn celebration of the 870th anniversary of poet Nizami, putting up of the Nizami monument in Rome, organizing of the International Nizami Center in Ganja and many others have been carried out at the state level in order to protect the great Azerbaijani poet and thinker Nizami from unfounded attacks. All these activities are important steps towards eliminating the attitude towards Nizami as the Iranian poet. A great responsibility has been lied on the domestic scientists whose professional activities relates the Nizami study. Their research is of great significance. Part of a successful study, is due to which important results were received, is being conducted at the AMEA Institute of Literature.

In turn, Institute of Literature’s director for research Teymur Kerimli has presented a report on the theme "Azerbaijanism in creation of Nizami Ganjavi". It says that there are often facts when for objective and subjective reasons a number of artists create their works not on their mother language, but on a working language of the region.

For this reason, it is absolutely groundless to name Nizami and some other representatives of the Azerbaijani medieval poetry either Iranian or Persian poets on the sole ground that they wrote only in Persian. There are a range of arguments proving that Nizami is Azerbaijani poet. For example, the poet himself and all medieval sources mentioning about him confirm uniquely that Nizami was born in 1141 in Ganja, one of the cultural centers of Azerbaijan and one of the capitals of the Azerbaijani state of Atabeks in the XII century, and lived and worked in Azerbaijan all his life.

Nizami used many Turkic words in his works. In poem "Leili and Majnun" he said that his mother had Kurdish origin and in poem "Khosrov and Shirin" he calls himself with Turkic word "ikdish", that means "half-breed". Saying "sirke", Nizami meant his mother - Kurdish woman and saying "bal", he implied his Turk father. These and other sounded arguments prove Nizami’s love for his motherland and the people of Azerbaijan, as well as the fact that the ideology Azerbaijanism occupied a significant place in his works.

The results of the report were evaluated by the Presidium as important scientific innovations. It was recommended to expand the ongoing research in this area. According to the decision, in the future motifs and images in Nizami’s creation, relating to Azerbaijan, will be more thoroughly examined, and field trips to oriental centers of Russia, Europe and America will be organized to promote the works of the great poet.

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